45.000 PEOPLE HELPED DIRECTLY
In Peru, the small farmers of the Andes are left behind by the economic development the country is experiencing, which is based largely on the exploitation of raw materials. They receive very little support from the state, which does not see family agriculture as a priority. Farmers lack organisation and have little control over marketing chains. Agriculture shows little diversity, livestock yields are low, production techniques are rudimentary and are often based on the unsustainable use of chemical inputs. Irrigation systems are non-existent or poor in quality.
In rural municipalities, much work remains to be done to improve access to education, health services and the distribution of drinking water.
ILES DE PAIX SOLUTIONS SINCE 2008
Nutrition, revenue and living conditions
- Increasing agricultural production.
- Irrigating crops.
- Improving small-scale livestock breeding.
- Improving access to drinking water and sanitation.
- Building toilets in schools.
- Equipping health centres.
- Managing natural resources sustainably.
- Reinforcing local authorities’ management capacity.
- Supporting the preparation of local development plans.
- Facilitating interaction between the different players involved in local development (authorities, technical departments, populations).
Nutrition, revenue and living conditions
Agricultural production and living conditions
SWEET GRANADILLA PRODUCTION
The sweet granadilla (Passiflora ligularis) is a member of the passion fruit family. Iles de Paix’s support involves improving the production of the fruit in terms of yield and quality (technical training, appropriate production equipment) and increasing control in the marketing chains by strengthening producers’ organisations.
Iles de Paix and its partners are involved in renovating water channels, strengthening users’ committees and installing small-scale family irrigation systems suited to the economic conditions of farming families.
A programme to train farming technicians is in place. It helps them become agricultural and livestock consultants in their villages. These courses are officially recognised by the regional education department and the municipal agricultural services.
GUINEA PIG BREEDING
Improving this traditional activity increases the quantity of meat available for children. Iles de Paix’s support covers breeding techniques: fodder production, improving hutches, veterinary monitoring and introducing improved breeds. This programme was requested by mothers.
Iles de Paix’s support involves improving breeds, producing fodder, building stables and veterinary care. It enables families to sell their animals for a better price and use the wool to weave clothing for the family.
Iles de Paix supports the genetic reinforcement of herds, breeding management, animal health and feed (pasture management). It enables families to improve their diet and their income by selling milk and dairy products.
ESTABLISHING AGROECOLOGICAL FARMS
In Umari, Iles de Paix and its partners are supporting the emergence of a sustainable family agriculture model based on agroecological concepts (crop diversification, integrated management, soil rehabilitation etc.).
ACCESS TO DRINKING WATER
Working with local authorities, Iles de Paix has contributed to the creation of drinking water distribution systems, access to water treatment, training local committees to manage these facilities and reinforcing municipal sanitation services.
In schools in the Sierra de Huánuco, hygiene conditions are fairly fragile. Iles de Paix is helping to construct toilets and families are being informed about the importance of hygiene for health.
Managing local development
LOCAL DEVELOPMENT PLANS
Iles de Paix supports rural communities in preparing their local development plans by identifying their priorities through a participatory process and ensuring that populations are informed, trained and organised so they can have more impact on the local participatory budget.
MUNICIPAL TECHNICAL TEAMS
Peru’s administrative decentralisation laws hand control over a series of issues to local authorities in the areas of support for family agriculture, sanitation, drinking water and natural resource management. Iles de Paix works to reinforce the services offered by municipal authorities to ensure the long-term future of these programmes.
Development as a whole is an issue that concerns all institutions and sectors: health, education, public authorities, technical services and basic organisation. To avoid compartmentalisation, Iles de Paix supports the creation and institutionalisation of spaces for consultation, where themes such as improving hygiene, nutrition or natural resource management can be approached in an integrated way.
Development planning can’t be improvised. This is why Iles de Paix supports populations and authorities in establishing land development and mapping processes, together with the development of environmental protection micro-projects such as the integrated management of drainage basins or the reforestation of water sources.